Internationale Akademie für Philosophie an der Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Common Seminar 2008-2, Thursdays 16.30-17.50 h
The presentation of the main speaker should be 20-30 minutes, the reply 10-15 minutes. The speaker should give his manuscript to the commentator at least two days in advance. He should also send it to Gloria Orellana so that she can send it to all participants. Format the manuscript so that printing costs are minimised (single space, font 11 pt, possibly landscape two columns)
Choose a topic that can be formulated as a question, for example "What is a human right?" or "What is the relationship between justice and equality?" or "Do rights depend on laws?". Do not just present reflections on some topic.
The speaker must present and defend what, after searching the truth, he believes to be true. Do not just present other peoples' views. Reading many texts is necessary as a preparation. Do not approach the issue as if you were the first to think about it. If you find a claim in a text which you want to endorse do not just say who said what but put the claim forward as your claim. Do not say "Saint Thomas said that X", but say: X. You may add that you found this claim in Saint Thomas' writings. Answer the question, analyse and describe the things you are investigating, the "things in themselves". Say how things are. If you find an argument in a text which you think is sound and you want to use it, do not just say who proposed which argument but use the argument yourself. Put it forward in defense of your view.
This means that the structure of your talk and text is determined by the logic of your claims and arguments. Do not structure your text with "Author A says first L, then M, author B says N ...". Begin your talk with presenting the question or the object of your investigation. Then answer the question or analyse and describe the object of your investigation. Bring in the arguments which you find in the texts not in the order in which you find them in the authors, but use these arguments in your text when you need them in order to defend what you believe to be true.
One possible structure is:
In your oral presentation in our meeting you may have to omit or shorten some of these parts. Concentrate on explaining and defending what you believe to be true. The written version which you submit should be more complete.
Human rights exist and obtain in the legal realm.
All are invited, all should participate.
What is the relationship between justice and equality?